Mosquitoes borne diseases are one of the deadliest in the world. Their ability to carry and spread disease to humans causes millions of deaths every year. Infection rates of diseases like malaria, dengue, Zika, Chikungunya, and yellow fever are likely to rise as a warming climate creates more mosquito-friendly habitats. Climate change, rapid urbanization, a growing population and lack of sanitary waste and water disposal are all factors that have allowed dengue and chikununya to thrive in India.
Chikungunya: – Chikungunya fever is caused by a virus that is spread to people through the bite of infected mosquitoes. The incubation period is usually 3-7 days.
- Sudden fever
- Joint pain with or without swelling
- Lower back pain
Dengue fever: – A mosquito is able to transmit dengue about a week after biting an infected person. As the dengue virus multiplies and damages cells, an infected person begins to show symptoms similar to other infections.
- High fever
- Back and joint pain
- Eye pain.
If the fever lasts up to a week and is followed by bruising and bleeding, those are symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever. Like most viruses, there is no specific treatment. Doctors recommend plenty of fluids and rest for dengue and hospitalization for hemorrhagic fever.
- Extreme weakness
There is currently no vaccine to prevent Chikungunya. Management of the disease includes rest, fluids and medications to relieve the symptoms of fever and pain, such as ibuprofen and Paracetamol.
Malaria: -The Once in the human body, malaria parasites migrate to the liver, where they grow and multiply. Eventually the parasites move into the blood stream to continue to develop into red blood cells. As they multiply and are released, they destroy the blood cells.
The infection can sometimes produce even more severe reactions, including kidney failure and death, especially if left untreated.
- Use insect repellents when you go outdoors.
- When weather permits, wear long sleeves, long pants, and socks when outdoors.
- Take extra care during peak mosquito biting hours.
- Install or repair screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes outside.
- Help reduce the number of mosquitoes around your home by emptying standing water from flowerpots, Gutters, Buckets, Pool covers, Pet water dishes, Discarded tires and birdbaths on a regular basis.
- Support your local community mosquito control programs.
- Give special care and attention to the sick, elderly and children as they may be